What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone that enables cells in the body to absorb glucose. The cells become starved for glucose as it cannot get into them. Symptoms usually develop suddenly over several weeks or months. They may develop over a few days or grow very slowly.

The pancreas’ ability to produce insulin is impaired. It stops producing enough, or even any, insulin. Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children or young adults.. But, it can be diagnosed at any age.

You have to monitor the amount of sugar your body is producing. Your body will give you cues that you are producing too much sugar. You must take insulin shots to deal with all of the sugar. That way, you can live life. Type 1 diabetes is a condition that makes it hard to control the amount of sugar in your blood. It can lead to fatal complications if not treated.

Cause of Type 1 Diabetes


When there’s extra sugar in your blood, it can be difficult for your kidneys to filter it out. So to dilute the sugar and regulate your blood sugar, you pee a lot more. The sugar goes out with the urine, and your body loses water as well. This can lead to dehydration and a whole host of other health complications. So, it’s important to drink enough water to keep your kidneys healthy.

Weight loss

For most people with diabetes, there is an extra concern. High blood glucose levels cause the kidneys to excrete glucose when you urinate. Dehydration also occurs in people with diabetes, which can lead to weight loss.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

The buildup of ketones can make you sick and even kill you. But in the very beginning of the keto—or ketogenic—diet, that won’t happen for at least a few days. The high amount of fat and low amount of carbohydrates your body has been using for energy makes you feel a little off initially, but most people report feeling better within a week. But, the keto diet is only safe for people with epilepsy who don’t take medication. This is because the high amount of fat and ketones in their blood can cause seizures.

Damage to your body

High glucose levels in your blood can cause you to develop many problems, including the hardening of your arteries, nerve damage, and kidney disease. When there is too much glucose in the blood, it can overflow into other parts of the body. This can lead to you developing yellowed nails, skin infections, and kidney diseases. You can also create nerve damage in your limbs and face, things like pain and numbness. You can develop heart conditions if you have too much glucose in your blood. This can cause you to have a heart attack or stroke.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Upset stomach
  • Dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Heavy, Labored breathing
  • Extreme thirst
  • Crankiness or mood changes
  • Bedwetting in a child who’s been dry at night

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a type of Diabetes that is caused by the body not responding to insulin appropriately, so the glucose in your blood becomes unable to get into cells. Since the cells can’t get the glucose it needs to function correctly, Type 2 Diabetes can make you feel tired, drained, and listless. For Type 2 Diabetes, you need to exercise and eat a healthy diet to lower the risk of long-term complications. Type 2 Diabetes is a requirement for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes. Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes involves injecting insulin. The prognosis for Type 2 Diabetes is good, with an estimated ten-year survival of 90%.

The most common form of diabetes is Type 2 Diabetes, which is becoming more common due to obesity in the population. It is usually seen in adults, but it is also seen in children and teenagers. This form of diabetes is caused by insulin resistance, meaning it is more challenging for the body to regulate the amount of insulin needed to keep blood sugar levels regular. Type 2 diabetes can cause fatigue and weight loss, among other early symptoms. In some cases, Type 2 diabetes may be treated without medication, but medication may have to be taken as a supplementary treatment. If you have symptoms of Type 2 diabetes, it is vital to see a doctor immediately to avoid more severe complications.

Cause of Type 2 Diabetes

Your pancreas is an organ that helps your body digest food and make hormones. Your pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. When that happens, glucose builds up in the blood instead of getting into the cells. Without being used by the cells, glucose can cause serious problems. If this happens, your doctor will prescribe you a drug to help control your blood glucose levels.

Extra weight

If you’re overweight, you’re more likely to have insulin resistance. However, it’s essential to know that if you carry your weight around your middle, you’re at an even higher risk. This is because fat cells, known as adipose tissue, produce a chemical called cytokines that enhance insulin resistance and take away the insulin’s ability to function correctly. In turn, your body increases its insulin production to make your blood sugar levels normal. However, high insulin levels can cause an increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

The liver produces too much glucose

Hormone imbalances and certain medications can cause the liver to keep producing extra glucose and end up in the bloodstream. If people consume a lot of sugar without matching it with insulin, their blood sugar can rise dangerously. This condition can cause the liver to become damaged and impair its ability to produce glucose. It can also damage the body’s other liver cells. In extreme cases, people whose livers never slow down can develop liver failure.

Wrong communication between cells

Cells rely on being able to send and receive signals in order to function properly. However, sometimes things can go wrong and cells will send out the wrong signals or fail to receive messages correctly. When problems like these occur in the way that your cells produce and use insulin or glucose, it can start a chain reaction that eventually leads to diabetes.

Beta cells

Your pancreas releases insulin into the blood. It helps move sugar in the blood into cells for energy. If the cells that make insulin send out the wrong amount at the wrong time, your blood sugar gets thrown off. High blood sugar can damage these cells, too.

 Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

  • Being cranky
  • Wounds that don’t heal
  • Feeling hungry
  • Weight loss without trying
  • Peeing a lot


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